1. Tell us what hours do you work?

Anything is possible. Some days can be as short as five hours, but 14-hour days are not unusual. I could work during the day, at night or during weekends and bank holidays.

2. Tell me how do I connect an Auto Iris lens to a camera?

This is usually performed by a simple plug-in connection to the rear or side of the camera. However you should always refer to the relevant camera handbook.

3. What is digital Video Recorders?

A Digital CCTV Video Recorders, (DVR), are stand-alone units that are capable of saving digital CCTV images to a PC. DVR look similar to a standard Video Cassette Recorders (VCR's).

4. Tell me what type of illumination can I use with color cameras?

Only lighting within the visible wavelength should be used with color cameras. Tungsten Halogen is often the recommended source of lighting.

5. Tell me how can I eliminate ground loop faults?

This can be achieved in a number of ways, the easiest of which is the installation of a Ground Loop Isolation Transformer. This is best installed at the monitor or recording end of the system.

6. Tell me what is the difference between Auto Iris and Direct Drive Lenses?

An Auto Iris lens is one that automatically adjusts its iris for changes in the scene lighting levels. The motor that opens and closes the iris is driven by an Amplifier that processes a small electronic signal changing with the light level.

7. Tell us what kind of expectations do you have for yourself and your work?

Get rewarded what job you produce and work with sincerity loyalty and with enthusiasm using yours years of experience to get best of it.

8. Tell me does the 'f' stop matter when choosing a lens?

Yes, lenses are usually specified as having a minimum and maximum 'f' stop rating; the 'f' stop is a measure of how efficiently the lens allows light from the scene, to pass through the lens and onto the camera CCD sensor. The maximum aperture (when the lens is fully open), is the minimum 'f' stop number and the minimum aperture, (just before the lens completely closes) is the maximum 'f' stop number.

9. What is digital CCTV?

Currently the majority of CCTV systems use Digital technology. Digital CCTV Surveillance uses current PC technology to digitize the CCTV camera images and compress them into a PC friendly format. These digital images can then be stored on a PC's Hard Disk Drive. As the digital cctv images are stored on computers Hard Drives it is possible to save digital cctv footages and access them speedily and easily. Digital CCTV also has the advantage over Analogue CCTV systems that the image is of a far higher resolution.

10. Tell me who else do you work with?

On location, I am usually part of a team of four or five people, including a sound operator, a producer, possibly an assistant producer and a presenter. In the studio I work as part of a team or three or more camera operators, as well as director, a producer, one or more presenters and lots of other technical operatives such as lighting, sound and videotape technicians.

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11. Tell me what is the difference between simplex and duplex multiplexers?

Video multiplexers are designed to allow recording of several cameras onto one recorder.

Simplex
A simplex machine is best suited to applications where recording only is the priority. Simplex machines cannot display multi screen images (i.e. quad, 9 way and 16 way split) while in the record mode.

Duplex
If an operator is monitoring the system (i.e. security guard) then a duplex machine is more suitable. A duplex machine can provide screen splits and user selectable images without affecting what is recorded onto the recorder. Should you use two recorders, it becomes possible to record and playback simultaneously.

12. Explain me what qualities do you need to be a camera operator?

People skills are really important. In this job you meet new people every day. They come from every walk of life and you have to have the confidence to communicate with all of them. Many of them have no experience of being on TV so they can be very nervous, and putting them at ease is an important part of the job. There is a lot of walking, sometimes running, and a lot of lifting and carrying to be done so you must be relatively fit.

13. Tell me how do I choose the correct camera for my application?

This in general is a comparatively difficult decision. Many aspects of the installation must be taken into consideration in order to obtain the correct performance that meets your requirements.

A high-resolution camera should be considered where greater detail of scene is required. E.g. Color 460 TVL, Monochrome 570 TVL. Choosing a more sensitive camera will improve reproduction in poorly lit areas. The sensitivity of a camera is indicated by the minimum amount of light in order for the camera to produce a usable picture. e.g. Color 1.0 Lux at F1.2.

14. What is analogue CCTV?

In the past, all CCTV Cameras were attached to a Multiplexor (A device that will split multiple camera pictures onto an individual CCTV Monitor). The Multiplexor then sends the analogue camera images to a Time Lapse Video Player. These are special CCTV recording devices that can record up to 960 hours of footage on a three hour Video Cassette. This method is still used today for simple CCTV installations but the quality of recording is usually very low (1 Frame Per 12.8 Seconds).

15. Tell me what is a ground loop?

An AC current that can be produced in a cable. This is usually caused by parts of the system being fed from different electrical sources resulting in different earth potentials at each end. The result is interference on the signal, usually in the form of dark bands across the monitor and on occasion tearing in the top third of the image.

16. Tell me what Salary Could I Earn as Camera Operator?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), more than 14,220 individuals worked as camera operators in the television and film industries in 2015 (www.bls.gov). The BLS reported that the mean annual salary for workers that year was $59,360. In 2015, the majority of camera operators were employed in the motion picture and video industry, earning slightly over $64,810 per year, while radio and television crew workers claimed an average salary of $51,970.

17. Explain me what does the work involve?

I operate a camera on location or in the studio. I could film anything from a close-up of someone's face during an interview to a wide shot of the pitch and players during a football match. I use different techniques to ensure the shots are good quality, clear and visually interesting. The director or producer has an idea of how the finished film should look, and it's my job to make sure the shots I capture are as close to their vision as possible.

18. Tell me what are OSD cameras?

OSD (On Screen Display) cameras have a menu system within the camera assembly that can be accessed in order to set functions such as Iris levels, AGC on/off and most features of standard and advanced cameras.

19. Tell me what Education and Training Will I Need?

Most employers in the entertainment industry require you to have some formal training before they'll hire you to work as a camera operator. Many film schools and universities offer bachelor's degree programs in film production that include courses related to cinematography and camera operation. Other trade, technical or private schools include certificate programs that provide specific training in camera operation.

The film and television industries are competitive, even for behind-the-scenes and technical workers. A formal education may offer the necessary training, though you'll need to start with entry-level jobs, such as a production assistant. After gaining sufficient experience, you might eventually be able to obtain work as a camera operator.

20. Tell me do I have to use a Regulated Power Supply?

In general the answer is yes. Most manufacturers will recommend the use of such power supplies as standard with their equipment. You should always consult the manufacturer's specifications prior to the connection of any power supply.

21. Do you know where Could I Find Work as Camera Operator?

Several different types of entertainment organizations or venues utilize camera operators. You could gain a full-time position working for a single television studio, independent station or national network. Such positions can be more stable, but are not an optimal choice if you are interested in projects and variety in the field.

If you are interested in working as a camera operator for the film industry, you'll likely start out working on a freelance basis. Different production companies might hire you to shoot movies for a few months to several years. You might gain positions through networking and by establishing yourself in the industry based on your previous work experience, who you've worked with and your involvement with a film.

22. Tell me why do I have a clear sharp picture during the day and it is out of focus at night?

This is due to the depth of field changing as the light conditions change and can be easily overcome by following set procedures.

23. Tell us what do you feel is the most important skill a video camera operator should possess?

Creative Flair. Although being technically capable is important, creativity always needs to adapt to the project. Whereas once you know how to use a camera to a professional standard, the rate of development will lessen in comparison to thinking creatively and being innovative.

24. Tell me what are the low points of the job?

Sometimes there is a lot of waiting around. For example, it isn't much fun standing outside a court in the rain, waiting to film the people involved in a big trial as they leave the building.

25. Tell us what is the most difficult part of being a video camera operator?

Working with less favourable condition and gears.

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26. Tell me what challenges do you face?

I have to shoot pictures that look good whatever the weather. That means setting up the right balance on the camera.

27. What makes you uncomfortable as Camera Operator?

When gears are not been upgraded to the latest standard of industry demand.

28. Tell me how do you safeguard and back up the work?

We use a double system approach: Our cameraman will shoot to card as well as an external Ninja recorder. We're also happy to back up the footage for you and store it on our RAID drive until you have it safely backed up

29. Tell us as a Video Camera Operator, what do you believe is your best asset?

Years of experience and patience physically fit and best eye sight.

30. Explain are you a detail oriented person?

Yes, not at the beginnig but the more I know the more I see.

31. Tell me what made you choose a career as a video camera operator?

Love to capture the moments which becomes memorable and valuable assets for future.

32. Tell me what lighting do you use?

We have a comprehensive lighting kit made of of Kino Divalites, Redheads, and Dedo lights

33. Tell me can I fit a 1/3"e; Lens to a 1/2"e; camera?

The simple answer is NO.

34. Tell me what ambitions do you have?

I would love to work in drama. I think I'd really enjoy filming a soap.

35. What are your career goals as Camera Operator?

To own a production company or become apart of an AV touring crew.

36. Would you work holidays and weekends?

Yes as required by company.

37. Tell us a difficult project and how you overcame it?

Theater i made it without the collaboration of a spoiled actress.

38. What is the most rewarding part of being a video camera operator?

Most rewarding part of being a video camera operator is able being creative.

39. Top 20 Camera Operator Job Interview Questions:

☛ What major challenges and problems did you face at your last position?
☛ Describe a difficult project and how you overcame it?
☛ What is the most difficult situation you have had to face and how did you tackle it?
☛ What do you feel is the most important skill a video camera operator should possess?
☛ What motivates you to succeed?
☛ Tell me a time when you disagreed with your boss.
☛ What is the most rewarding part of being a video camera operator?
☛ How did you hear about this position?
☛ What made you choose a career as a video camera operator?
☛ What makes you uncomfortable?
☛ Would you work holidays and weekends?
☛ Are you a detail oriented person?
☛ What kind of expectations do you have for yourself and your work?
☛ What is the most difficult part of being a video camera operator?
☛ Why do you want a career as a video camera operator?
☛ What are your career goals?
☛ What do you like least about being a video camera operator?
☛ What do you like most about being a video camera operator?
☛ As a Video Camera Operator, what do you believe is your best asset?
☛ Tell me about a situation where you had to quickly adapt to inevitable changes as a Video Camera Operator.
☛ What are your career goals?

40. Tell me how do I back focus a camera fitted with a fixed focal length lens?

This is achieved by following five simple steps.

☛ Set the physical focus of the lens to infinity (clockwise from the front).
☛ Aim the camera at the subject to be viewed.
☛ Release the camera back focus mechanism.
☛ Adjust the back focus to obtain the best possible picture.
☛ Secure the cameras back focus mechanism.

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41. Tell me which pan and tilt unit should I use?

The choice is wide and varied dependent on the system requirements. You may require Top mount, Side mount, 230V AC or 24V DC to name just a few.

TOP MOUNT
☛ Pro: Can fit two IR lamps on the side of the Pan/Tilt. These act as a counter balance enabling you to use a lighter duty Pan/Tilt head.
☛ Pro: Compact size.
☛ Con: Restricted tilt often -45 to 0 dependent on the housing fitted.
☛ Con: Cannot be inverted.

SIDE MOUNT
☛ Pro: Can be inverted.
☛ Pro: Often cheaper.
☛ Pro: Large tilt often +or- 180
☛ Con: Difficult to mount IR lamps.
☛ Con: Generally large size.

42. Do you know the requirements of a Camera Operator?

☛ Proven experience as camera operator
☛ Experience operating relevant equipment (cameras, cranes etc.)
☛ Excellent theoretical knowledge of filming and capturing footage
☛ Ability to understand and follow camera scripts
☛ Excellent communication skills
☛ Ability to think and act quickly
☛ A team player
☛ Attention to detail
☛ Physical strength to carry heavy equipment and stamina
☛ Excellent color vision and hearing
☛ High school diploma; degree in film, media or relevant field is a plus

43. Tell me what other camera equipment do you have available?

We can prepare a production kit for you that matches your requirements. We shoot steadicam, have a slider, and mobile green screen kit. We also have an extensive range of lenses and filters.

44. Tell me how Do I Become a TV Camera Operator?

According to the BLS, most TV camera operators have a bachelor's degree in film or broadcasting. These programs typically combine classroom courses in film theory with hands-on training using camera equipment. Most offer comprehensive training in film and video production, rather than focusing on just TV camera operation. Therefore, in addition to learning camera skills and techniques, you may also do film editing, directing, lighting and even scriptwriting. This has the advantage of preparing you to work as part of a production team.

Many training programs are available through public colleges as well as private film schools. Some institutions' broadcast cable TV programs created entirely by students, and many even have their own television stations, providing real-world experience. However, even with a solid education, you may have to begin your career in an entry-level position, such as a production assistant, and work your way up to TV camera operator, especially since the field is very competitive. According to the BLS, job opportunities are expected to increase by only 2% from 2014 to 2024, which is slower than the national average.

45. Tell me what is the correct level for a video picture?

The correct level is 1 volt peak to peak. This can only be accurately set either with an oscilloscope or with a video level meter.

46. Do you know what is Digital CCTV?

Digital CCTV, or Digital Closed Circuit Television, is the technology used in modern surveillance systems. Traditional ,VCR, CCTV pictures are sent via cctv cameras to a closed area, e.g. a CCTV Monitor, this type of CCTV is likely to produce lower resolution images and have to be displayed via cabling in the workplace. Modern Digital CCTV Systems can be operated remotely via a pc or mobile phone, can monitor various locations and can be monitored from wherever there is internet or GPRS Access.

47. Explain me how do I set up a camera and lens for use in Low Light conditions and or with Infra Red Lighting?

When setting the back focus of a Color camera for low light conditions you should place an ND1 (Neutral Density) filter in front of the lens. When setting the back focus of a Mono camera for low light conditions you should place an ND3 (Neutral Density) filter in front of the lens. When setting the back focus of a Mono camera fitted with I/R lighting for low light conditions you should place an IRP (Infra- Red Pass) filter in front of the lens.

48. Explain about a situation where you had to quickly adapt to inevitable changes as a Video Camera Operator?

When there was power shut down I used my Mobile phone to capture the moments and got rewarded as this was the only material had available for producer.

49. Please tell us what is the most difficult situation you have had to face and how did you tackle it?

When weather and gear is not favorable still got the shoot material for project.

50. Explain me what if I can't be at the shoot?

Many interstate and International clients choose our cameraman to shoot on their behalf. As a corporate video production company with many high end clients, we understand the importance of representing your organisation professionally. When you hire a our camera crew we are there on your behalf, and protect the relationship that you have with your client

51. Tell me what sort of camera do you shoot with?

Our camera operators an extensive range of cameras, and we match the equipment to your requirements and budget. For web and corporate videos we'll usually shoot with a Sony FS100 or Canon DSLRs. For high end TV commercials and corporates we shoot with a Sony F3

52. Tell me the responsibilities of a Camera Operator?

☛ Work with directors to determine all aspects of shots
☛ Provide practical and creative input to scene planning
☛ Select, assemble and position equipment (cameras, stands, software etc.)
☛ Prepare cameras and test angles or camera movements
☛ Shoot scenes according to requirements
☛ Capture quality footage from a fixed or moving position
☛ Collaborate with make up artists, lighting and sound staff to produce the best final effect
☛ Resolve technical or practical issues
☛ Edit footage as needed

53. Tell me what is the maximum distance I can run 12vdc when powering a camera?

This is a commonly asked question and there is no simple answer. Some manufacturers may recommend that their cameras can be run over (X) distance with (Y) cable. This however should still be considered as a general guide. Cable conductor size and installation route must also be taken into consideration. If you are unsure, we would recommend that you contact Technical Support for guidance.

54. Tell me how do I Back Focus a camera fitted with a ZOOM Lens?

This can be achieved by following these steps.

☛ Set the lens to full wide angle view.
☛ Set the physical focus of the lens to infinity (clockwise viewed from the front).
☛ Aim the camera at an object at least 30 Meters away.
☛ Release the camera back focus mechanism.
☛ Adjust the back focus to obtain optimum clarity.
☛ Zoom the lens in to full telephoto and focus on a nearby object.
☛ Keep this object in view as you slowly zoom out and if all is set correctly it should remain in focus (track).
☛ Secure the back focus mechanism.

55. Tell me should you not have any of the above filters you may have to attend site during the hours of darkness?

I have installed a new camera and lens why I am unable to obtain a sharp image?

The most common resolve to this is to ensure that both camera and lens are the same mount i.e. 'CS' mount lens on a 'CS' mount camera and a 'C' mount lens on a 'C' camera

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56. Tell me what do you like most about your work?

There's a lot of variety in this job, especially because I work on so many different types of programmes. I like the fact that this isn't a nine-to-five job. I also enjoy the travel. I've been to Rio de Janeiro, shooting a documentary on world music. I also climbed Mount Kilimanjaro, filming 15 local people who were raising money for charity. I travel in the UK and Europe to cover football matches.

57. Explain me your role as a camera operator?

I operate a TV camera as part of a large production team. I work on programmes ranging from news bulletins to documentaries, music shows and sporting events.

58. Please tell me what major challenges and problems did you face at your last position?

Availability of equipment restricted our original intentions. However, I believe gaining the trust from colleagues who appeared in front of the camera was the most testing.

59. Tell me do you rent out equipment?

No, we are not giving a rental facility. We ensure that all of our equipment remains in great condition by not renting it out.

60. Do you know what Would I Do As a TV Camera Operator?

As a TV camera operator, you record the images seen on television--from news broadcasts, TV series and sporting events to documentaries and commercials. You work with directors and technicians to find the most effective way to frame these images using elements such as lighting, position, lenses and camera movements. You must also be capable of moving their cameras smoothly and steadily. While many TV camera operators are only responsible for shooting video footage, some also edit their own work.

Some TV camera operators are studio operators, which means they work in a television studio and record images with the camera that is in a fixed position. However, in some studios, cameras are mounted on a track so they can be moved while filming. This is very different from news camera operators, who are on the move tracking news events. In this position, you must be prepared for both indoor and outdoor photography and even to edit your own work on the spot so it can be transmitted as live coverage. Since you carry your cameras on your shoulders, the ability to hold the camera steady is especially important.

61. Do you know what Are the Job Duties of a Camera Operator?

As a camera operator, you'll manage and operate video equipment on the set of films, motion pictures and television shows. You'll typically use high-tech, expensive cameras that are specifically designed for the entertainment industry, though you might need to provide still images with digital handheld or industrial cameras. You'll often work under the guidance of a photography or film director who organizes your camera work in order to capture a particular scene. Other considerations for the profession include lighting, sound and equipment maintenance.

62. What is pC Based Digital Video Surveillance Capture Cards?

PC Based Digital CCTV Surveillance systems are a reasonably new technology in the CCTV Industry. This type of Digital CCTV system works in two stages. You then install the digital cctv surveillance card and software on to your PC. This Software (or program) will allow you to view your Digital CCTV Cameras, search through previously recorded footage, backup footage to CD/DVD, control PTZ Cameras either on the PC system or remotely and much more.

63. Tell me can I use I/R Lamps with color cameras?

The answer to this is a definitive NO. Color cameras are typically fitted with an IR cut filter and will not allow IR light in excess of 700Nm to pass resulting in the camera performing poorly in these circumstances.

64. Tell me what is Video Termination?

This is the end of line resistance of any CCTV system and this should be set to 75 ohm. Should you encounter any double image or ghosting this is more often than not caused by two pieces of equipment in series both having the 75-ohm switch set on. Only the last piece of equipment should be set at 75-ohm.

65. Do you know when can I use a manual iris lens?

A general rule of thumb is only to use a MI lens in an internal application. This is because you are reliant on the electronic circuitry of the camera compensating for light changes in the scene and this is not able to compensate to the same degree as that of an Auto Iris lens.

66. Tell me what's the difference between Hardware Compression and Software Compression?

Hardware Compression: Both Capturing Video Signal and Compressing Video Signal are done by DSP chipset integrated on DVR Board. It doesn't need the computer's CPU to do this work. It's low cost of CPU and RAM resources. In this system the computer CPU's task focus on answering network request, streaming the video/audio to network and saving recorded data to local hard disk.

Software Compression: The DVR Board only capture video signal but doesn't compress it, it is the computer CPU and RAM to do this compression work. It's high cost of CPU and RAM resources. In this system the computer CPU and RAM are often overloaded. It is easier to crash than hardware compression system.

67. Tell me is there such a thing as a typical day?

A day in the studio starts with 'check in' – a briefing covering the jobs I must shoot throughout the day. When I am working on news stories days are completely unpredictable. The news desk tells me where I will be filming – it could be anywhere between the Scottish border and North Yorkshire.

68. Tell us what do you like most about being a video camera operator?

Get the best moment captured.

69. What motivates you to succeed as Camera Operator?

Patience and experience give me confidence to move forward either way.