ou can generate a list of open items from the information systems menu option: * General Ledger: Information system ® General ledger reports ® Line items ® General ledger line items ® G/L line items, list for printing. * Accounts Receivable: Information system * ® Reports for accounts receivable ® Customer items ® List of customer open items for printing. Accounts Payable: Information system ® Reports for accounts payable ® Vendor items ® List of vendor open items for printing
There are 2 ways through which you can see the reference of the documents.
1) Through Document Flow
2)Enter the delivery-> Go at the item level and select TAB PREDECESSOR DATA tab and you can see the reference order number.
101 - GR in unrest. use 103 - GR in Blocked stock 105 - Release from Block to Unrest. use stock. 122 - Return to vendor from unrest. use stock. 124 - Return to vendor from blocked stock 301 - Plant to Plant tfr. 309 - Material to Material tfr. 311 - Tfr. from stg loc to stg loc 261 - Issue for consumption. 411 - Taking consignment stock into own stock. 551 - Withdrawal for scrapping.
A scheduling agreement can be made for Consignment, Subcontracting and stock transfer. A contract, also known as a blanket PO, can be made for standard items and can be restricted to a Value or QTY.
Based on the calculation schema of that condition and based on access sequence assigned to it.
This activity involves- Master data upload for objects like customer masters including partner function assignment, customer material info, pricing, outputs and credit masters.
Profit Centre Accounting:The following data can be passed on in Profit Center Accounting * Costs (assessment and/or distribution) * Revenue and sales deductions (assessment and/or distribution) * Balance sheet items (distribution) For this purpose, it is necessary to define cycles containing rules for finding sender-receiver relationships. Related Activities in Controlling * Definition of actual assessment cycles * Definition of plan assessment cycles * Definition of actual distribution cycles * Definition of plan distribution cycles Internal Orders Internal orders are normally used to plan, collect, and settle the costs of internal jobs and tasks. The SAP system enables you to monitor your internal orders throughout their entire life-cycle; from initial creation, through the planning and posting of all the actual costs, to the final settlement and archiving: Features * You can use master data to assign certain characteristics to your internal orders, which enables you to control which business transactions can be used with the internal order. * Internal order planning enables you to roughly estimate the costs of a job before the order starts and to make an exact calculation at a later date. You can choose between various planning approaches to compare the effectiveness of different methods. * You can assign and manage budgets for internal orders. * You apply the actual costs incurred by a job to your internal orders using actual postings. In Financial Accounting, you can assign primary cost postings (such as the procurement of external activities and external deliveries) directly to internal orders. * In period-end closing you can use various different allocation methods (for example, overhead costing) to allocate costs between different areas of Cost Accounting. Order settlement enables you to transfer the costs incurred by an order to the appropriate receivers. * The information system for internal orders enables you to track planned and assigned costs on your orders in each stage of the order life-cycle.
Full life cycle implementation means implementing the project start from requirement gathering, analysis, solution desion, mapping, implementing according to ASAP methodology.
Price determination process: Create a Price schema Add a condition type if required Asssign Access sequence to the condition type. Create a condition table and specify flds required. Create a cond. rec. The price schema for the particular mat. has a cond type. This pricing will trigger the Price determination process. Basically the access sequence assigned to the cond type will search the cond table to find the particular cond. rec. and determin the price.
Various activities in SAP MM are :
Invoice varification, etc.
1) pre-sales activity -inquiry,quotation
3) inventory sourcing,
In MM 1.Stock overview for a period can be done by Tcode-MB5B -further giving details like storage location,Plant,Material code,Date.. 2.Stock as on date can be viewed by using Tcode-MMBE-further giving details like storage location,Plant,Material code.mail
- Purchase requisition
- Purchase order
- Master data (Info record, Source list, Conditions, Vendors etc.)v
- Outline agreements
Condition type has an access sequence assigned to it which determines which tables to access for data and in what sequence. This has a sequence of table based on the most specific to most generic. It can be used for any new condition type creation.
The pricing procedure assigned to a vendor has a calculation schema attached to it. This schema defines the various conditions' pre-requisite, calculation & sequence in the PO. Generally, only one type of pricing procedure is followed for all the vendors.
- Consignment stock
- Components provided to vendor
- Project stock
- Consignment stock
- Pipeline material
- Orders on hand
Consignment stock is the material which is lying in the premises but is not owned by the company. It has no value assigned to it until it is taken into own stock. Once it is used in production or to be sold, it is taken into own stock.
Consignment cycle is similar to a standard purchase cycle. The difference it that no accounting document is created at the time of goods receipts only QTY is updated. It is settled once the same is utilized.
When the material is sent for subcontracting i.e. some value addition, it is converted into a different material. It needs a BOM to define the components of the finished item being received.
The scrap or the process loss can be adjusted while doing a quality inspection of the material received after subcontracting.
Byproducts can be taken care of by defining them in the BOM
Listing and exclusion is used in chemical and pharma industries for ex:-Particular customer is not having a valid license of selling some chemical/Medicines and he is ordering the same. in this case listing and exclusion is useful
Schema : TC00
SAP is the integration of all the modules and the topics are very relevant to each other because basically its management skillsetgroup. From manufacturing the product/goods/services to reaching the customer. All the transaction process is depending on sales area, sales doc, item proposals, shipping, delivery and billing.
Landscape in SAP consists the following:
1. IDES = Training Server
2. Development Server * Configuration (200 client) * Sandbox (210 client) * Data Change (220 client)
3. Quality Server * Standby (300 client) * Testing (310 client)
4. Production Server * Pre-Production (400 client) * Real Production (500 client)
Abaper is a application programmer who retrieves the data from the database and show it to the end-user with the help of report..out of three layers of SAP the abaper position is on Application Layer in which SAP programs are develop and then transported to the Production server... Workbench... The ABAP Workbench contains several tools that allow you to edit specific repository objects. like ABAP Editor , Menu Painter etc...
Value from MM to FI is defined in OBYC…. on the material master the flow of values are assigned on the Costing, Accounting, etc tabs where the system helps to post the necessary stock values into the appropriate GL accounts. Helps to determine, the GL accounts updated when there is a movement of goods.
Business area is a place where the product or the produced components are valued in group or for the total transactions carried out, Right from procurement, production and sales of goods. Wheres Cost center is a particular area where the production or the project is taken up and expenditure is identified separately with a separate GL account
Tax calculation procedures based on the countries depended. one country is using deferment of tax procedures. We are creating new country also and at what type calculation procedures present is running on the country and it is assigned which country used.
Business area is where the total business is valuated as a whole Whereas Profit center is an area where the company/work place allows the outside agency to use its machinery for external profits (eq: A CNC machine which can run 24 hrs a day is utilized in our company for 15 hrs and the balance 9 hrs is let out for addition to the company's profit) is known as Profit Center.
LSMW is widely used by EDI programmers. EDI Programmers connect the SAP system to Non SAP system. During this Data migration is a necessity. When data migrates from source to destination the destination code is different from the source code. So what LSMW does is * Converts the data in to batch files * Then converts the batch files in to source code batch files * And then migrates data. Standard Interfaces like BAPI or Idoc are used in this process.
Its the priority assigned to each house bank which helps Automatic Payment program choose the house bank for payment in case there are more than one bank satisfying the payment program. If a payment program ends up selecting more than one(say 4) bank for payment, the ranking of the banks helps it select one bank from the list of (say 4) selected banks.
Support tickets are basically the problems that arise in day to day usage of SAP. So any sap fico consultant who is resolving the day to day production issues is actually supporting the tickets.
Following is the sequence of configuration to be done for Electronics Bank Statement(EBS): 1. create Transaction types( which helps you group all the house backs with same External transaction code). 2. assign them to house banks. 3 create and define posting rule keys . 4 assign them to external transaction codes. external transaction codes are bank specific codes for business transactions( which it issues in each EBS) each one for each type of payment. eg. transfer order, foreign transfer,bill of exchange etc. 5 define posting specification for G/L posting as well as sub ledger posting 6. define account symbols(which determines the G/L account to be posted to) and assign them to posting keys.
Dunning is actually the process by which you “bill” or “invoice” a customer for past due items. With regards bad Checks for example dunning procedure could follow these steps: • Step 1: Phone call to customer on receipt of bad check - at this stage, perform the journal posting outlined in section on Returned Checks • Step 2: Letter to customer (+10 days) • Step 3: Letter to CO (+7 days) • Step 4: Legal letter to customer (? DD139) (+13 days) • Step 5: Issue DD139 (+10 days) • Step 6: Follow-up on DD139 (dispersing officer) (+45 days) • Step 7: Write-off (after 6 months) Steps 2-6 above will be handled by dunning levels in SAP. Configuration before dunning can be carried out 1. Defining Dunning Area 2. Define Dunning Keys 3. Define Dunning Block Reasons 4. Dunning Procedure • Define Dunning Procedure (T. Code - FBMP), To set up a Dunning Procedure, the following must be specified: number of Dunning Levels (1-9) Dunning Texts, Standard Text can also be included in the Dunning Texts. Dunning Procedure major parameters: Dunning Interval, Number of Dunning Levels, Grace Period 5. Assign Dunning Procedure to Customer / Vendors Accounts (T. Code - XD02) 6. Define Correspondence Types (T. Code - OB77) 7. Assign Company Codes to Correspondence company Codes 8. Assign Programs for Correspondence Types (OB78) 9. Dunning Run: Transaction Code: F150 Menu Path: accounting > financial accounting > accounts receivable > periodic processing > dunning. Note: Whenever you schedule more than one dunning run a day, the "Identification" number must change. You may run several dunning runs on the same date but the "Identification" name must be different as well as certain parameters such as the “Dunning Date” and “Documents Posted up to” date.
Materail cost + Productions cost = Manufacturing cost
Some organisations select to implement SAP module by module, thus gets updated as per their convenience / schedule. This is called as updated project. Some organizations simply plan all integrated functional modules and decide to go-live with all functional modules and take their entire operations on SAP. This is called as End to End SAP implementation project.
SAP APO stands for Advanced Planner and Optimizer, which is one area of SCM and application component of MySAP product. Its is designed to provide solutions for companies in Demand planning, network design, supply network planning, production planning and global available to promise, transportation and scheduling.
The following are the steps for BRS: 1. Create Bank Master Data - This can be created through T.Code FI01 or you can also create the house bank through IMG/FA/Bank accounting/Bank account 2. Define House Bank 3. Set up Bank selection payment program- IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/AUTOIP/PM/Bank selection for payment prg. a. setup all co codes for payment transaction - Customer and vendors b.setup paying co codes for payment transactions c.setup payment method per country d.setup payment method per co code for payment transaction e.setup bank determination for payment transaction Please go for Cheque mangement using T code FCHI (IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/AutoOp/PaymentMedia/CheckManagement) and for void reasons FCHV. You can create Bank Reconcilliation statement by TC FF67 (SAP/AC/Treasury/CashManagement/Incomings/ManualBankStatement) . Don't forget to keep the opening Balance as zero. Use FBEA for post process. All the steps together will lead to (FF67) Bank reconciliation statement.
configuration is required during electronic bank statement not in manual bank statement. In manual bank statement you just have to enter the data on screen and save it.
profit center accounting is basically done for internal controlling purposes. It lets you determine the profit and loss using the cost of sale approach or period accounting approach. Here you can find the profit from an "area of responsibility or person" point of view.this is account based costing Whereas in Profitability analysis, market segments based on product , customer,order or any combination of these are studied to find wots the profit. PA provides information to the marketing,sales and planning department so that they can make decisions. PA has two forms account based and CO based.Both these are tools for profit management, and both are alternative. They are not same.