1. What is WF and WF importance?

Business Work Flow:
Tool for automatic control and execution of cross-application processes. This involves coordinating the persons involved, the work steps required, the data, which needs to be processed (business objects). The main advantage is reduction in throughput times and the costs involved in managing business processes. Transparency and quality are enhanced by its use.

2. Described open SQL vs native SQL?

ABAP Native SQL allows you to include database-specific SQL statements in an ABAP program. Most ABAP programs containing database-specific SQL statements do not run with different databases. If different databases are involved, use Open SQL. To execute ABAP Native SQL in an ABAP program, use the statement EXEC. Open SQL (Subset of standard SQL statements), allows you to access all database tables available in the R/3 System, regardless of the manufacturer. To avoid conflicts between database tables and to keep ABAP programs independent from the database system used, SAP has generated its own set of SQL statements known as Open SQL.

3. Described presentation, application and database servers in SAP R/3?

The application layer of an R/3 System is made up of the application servers and the message server. Application programs in an R/3 System are run on application servers. The application servers communicate with the presentation components, the database, and also with each other, using the message server. All the data are stored in a centralized server. This server is called database server.

4. Explain SAP R/3?

A third generation set of highly integrated software modules that performs common business function based on multinational leading practice. Takes care of any enterprise however diverse in operation, spread over the world. In R/3 system all the three servers like presentation, application server and database server are located at different system.

5. Described global tempory table?

Global temporary tables are temporary table for perticular session.
Global temporary tables are two types,
1.Transaction wise temporary table
2.Session wise temporary tables.
In transaction wise temporary tables we will use on commit delete rows keyword, which delete the data whenever we do commit.
In session wise temporary table we will use on commit preserve rows keyword, which preserve the data till the end of that session.

6. Can you please explain the difference between format trigger and action trigger?

format trigger:
When we want hide or display the objects in in layout model dynamically we can use format trigger. format trigger we can write in item level
action trigger:
When a button selectd procedure executed new report open.

7. Which exceptions other than NO_DATA_FOUND, TOO_MANY_ROWS and WHEN OTHERS?


8. Described Secondary Tracking Segments?

This segment will be paired with the balancing segment when generating account balances for the Retained Earnings account, Unrealized Gains or Losses accounts, and the Cumulative Translation Adjustment account.

9. Where the Invoice given by supplier is in USD, but the payment can be done in GBP. Is it possible in AP?

Not possible.

10. If the client is totally dependent on manual on Manual transactions then Is the auto-accounting rules Mandatory?

Yes, Auto Accounting determines the general ledger accounts for transactions that are entered manually or import using Auto-invoice.

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11. Explain pre-requisites for an AP Invoice line to move to FA module?

1. natutal account while creating Ap invoice should be
Asset clearing account
2. Enable track as asset in AP invoice line distributions
3. The Invoice should be validated, accounted and transfered
to GL.

Note- mass additions will work only if transfer to run
program is run and ap invoice is transfered to GL.

12. Described automatic offset in AP?

Automatic Offsets, Payables automatically balances invoice and payment distributions that cross balancing segments by creating offsetting entries for each balancing segment.

13. How the new account combinations be defined when dynamic insert option is not enabled?

Create new code combination at General Ledger Super User -
Settup - Accounts - Combinations

14. What are different types of source system?

SAP R/3 Source Systems, SAP BW, Flat Files and External Systems.

15. Define the significance of ODS in BIW?

An ODS Object serves to store consolidated and debugged transaction data on a document level (atomic level). It describes a consolidated dataset from one or more InfoSources. This dataset can be analyzed with a BEx Query or InfoSet Query. The data of an ODS Object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes and/or other ODS Objects in the same system or across systems. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes, the data in ODS Objects is stored in transparent, flat database tables.

16. Explain AWB? What is its purpose?

AWB stands for Administrator WorkBench. AWB is a tool for controlling, monitoring and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information whearhousing.

17. What variables are in SAP?

Variables are parameters of a query that are set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries are inserted into workbooks. There are different types of variables which are used in different application: Characteristics variables, Hierarchies and hierarchy node, Texts, Formulas, Processing types, User entry/Default type, Replacment Path.

18. Explain Bex?

Bex stands for Business Explorer. Bex enables end user to locate reports, view reports, analyze information and can execute queries.

The queries in workbook can be saved to there respective roles in the Bex browser. Bex has the following components: Bex Browser, Bex analyzer, Bex Map, Bex Web.

19. Name some of the drawbacks of SAP?

Interfaces are huge problem, Determine where master data resides, Expensive, very complex, demands highly trained staff, lengthy implementation time.

20. Explain Meta data, Master data and Transaction data?

Meta Data:
Data that describes the structure of data or MetaObjects is called Metadata. In other words data about data is known as Meta Data.
Master Data:
Master data is data that remains unchanged over a long period of time. It contains information that is always needed in the same way. Characteristics can bear master data in BW. With master data you are dealing with attributes, texts or hierarchies.
Transaction data:
Data relating to the day-to-day transactions is the Transaction data.

21. Explain Extended Star Schema? How did it emerge?

The Star Schema consists of the Dimension Tables and the Fact Table. The Master Data related tables are kept in separate tables, which has reference to the characteristics in the dimension table(s). These separate tables for master data is termed as the Extended Star Schema.

22. Please explain the difference between OLAP and Data Mining?

OLAP - On line Analytical processing is a reporting tool configured to understand your database schema ,composition facts and dimensions . By simple point-n-clicking, a user can run any number of canned or user-designed reports without having to know anything of SQL or the schema. Because of that prior configuration, the OLAP engine "builds" and executes the appropriate SQL.
Mining is to build the application to specifically look at detailed analysis, often algorithmic; even more often misappropriate called "reporting.

23. Can an ERP such as SAP help a business owner learn more about how business operates?

In order to use an ERP system, a business person must understand the business processes and how they work together from one functional area to the other. This knowledge gives the student a much deeper understanding of how a business operates. Using SAP as a tool to learn about ERP systems will require that the people understand the business processes and how they integrate.

24. What are major benefits of reporting with BW over R/3? Would it be sufficient just to Web-enable R/3 Reports?

Performance - Heavy reporting along with regular OLTP transactions can produce a lot of load both on the R/3 and the database (cpu, memory, disks, etc). Just take a look at the load put on your system during a month end, quarter end, or year-end - now imagine that occurring even more frequently. Data analysis - BW uses a Data Warehouse and OLAP concepts for storing and analyzing data, where R/3 was designed for transaction processing. With a lot of work you can get the same analysis out of R/3 but most likely would be easier from a BW.

25. Explain internal tables check table, value table, and transparent table?

Internal table:
It is a standard data type object, which exists only during the runtime of the program.
Check table:
Check table will be at field level checking. Value table: Value table will be at domain level checking ex: scarr table is check table for carried. Transparent table:
Exists with the same structure both in dictionary as well as in database exactly with the same data and fields.

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26. Described datasets?

The sequential files (processed on application server) are called datasets. They are used for file handling in SAP.

27. What should approach for writing a BDC program?

Convert the legacy system data to a flat file and convert flat file into internal table. Transfer the flat file into sap system called "sap data transfer". Call transaction(Write the program explicitly) or create sessions (sessions are created and processed ,if success data will transfer).

28. Why do we usually choose to implement SAP?

There are number of technical reasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. It's highly configurable, highly secure data handling, min data redundancy, max data consistency, you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing, tight integration-cross function.

29. Can the BW run without a SAP R/3 implementation?

Certainly. You can run BW without R/3 implementation. You can use pre-defined business content in BW using your non-SAP data. Here you simply need to map the transfer structures associated with BW data sources (InfoCubes, ODS tables) to the inbound data files or use 3rd part tool to connect your flat files and other data sources and load data in BW. Several third party ETL products such as Acta, Infomatica, DataStage and others will have been certified to load data in BW.

30. Explain the term IDES?

International Demonstration and Education System. A sample application provided for faster learning and implementation.

31. What is ERP explain?

ERP is a package with the techniques and concepts for the integrated management of business as a whole, for effective use of management resources, to improve the efficiency of an enterprise. Initially, ERP was targeted for manufacturing industry mainly for planning and managing core business like production and financial market. As the growth and merits of ERP package ERP software is designed for basic process of a company from manufacturing to small shops with a target of integrating information across the company.

32. What are the different types of ERP?

SAP, BAAN, JD Edwards, Oracle Financials, Siebel, PeopleSoft. Among all the ERP's most of the companies implemented or trying to implement SAP because of number of advantages aver other ERP packages.

33. Described the concept of "Business Content" in SAP Business Information Warehouse?

Business Content is a pre-configured set of role and task-relevant information models based on consistent Metadata in the SAP Business Information Warehouse. Business Content provides selected roles within a company with the information they need to carry out their tasks. These information models essentially contain roles, workbooks, queries, InfoSources, InfoCubes, key figures, characteristics, update rules and extractors for SAP R/3, mySAP.com Business Applications and other selected applications.

34. Described SAP Navigation key feature?

o /n Skip to the next record if you are processing one batch input session
o /bend Cancel a batch input foreground process
o /nend Close all R/3 sessions and logoff
o /nxxx x Call the transaction xxxx in the same session
o /o Generate a session list
o /oxxx x Call the transaction xxxx in an additional session
o /i Delete the current session
o /h Turn the debug mode on
o /$tab Reset all buffers (for System Administrators)
o /$syn c Synchronize instances buffers (for System Administrators)

35. Described SAP function key feature?

o F1 - Help
o F4 - Possible entries or matchcode for the field you are accessing
o F5 - Selection screen
o F7 - Previous screen
o F8 - Next screen
o F9 - Technical info
o CTRL+X - Cut
o CTRL+C - Copy
o CTRL+V - Paste

36. What are the basics feature of SAP?

► Configuration of the SAP modules
► Function Key
► Navigation
In 4.x, you can have long SAP transaction code up to a maximum of 20 character

37. Described the Configuration of the SAP modules?

Transaction SPRO - this is the main tree for all the configuration.

38. Described any DML example?

CREATE OR REPLACE Function IncomeLevel
( name_in IN varchar2 )
RETURN varchar2
monthly_value number(6);
ILevel varchar2(20);
cursor c1 is
select monthly_income
from employees
where name = name_in;
open c1;
fetch c1 into monthly_value;
close c1;
IF monthly_value <= 4000 THEN
ILevel := 'Low Income';
ELSIF monthly_value > 4000 and monthly_value <= 7000 THEN
ILevel := 'Avg Income';
ELSIF monthly_value > 7000 and monthly_value <= 15000 THEN
ILevel := 'Moderate Income';
ILevel := 'High Income';

39. Explain about SAP?

SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package.

40. Define oracle application certification?

Oracle application certification is an Oracle certification exam.

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41. Can we give DML statements inside a function?


42. Suppose if you execute the following command in your Oracle Application Server 10g installation
to start the Oracle Internet Directory (OID) Server Instance with a new instance ID:
$ oidctl connect=infra server=oidldapd instance=1 host=edtdr5p1.us.oracle.com start
The command does not error out. But while trying to locate the server instance using the
Process Status (ps) operating system utility, you realize that the instance has not started.
What could be the reason?
A. The OID Listener process has not started.
B. The OID server processes have not started.
C. The Oracle HTTP Server process has not started.
D. The Oracle Internet Directory (OID) Monitor process has not started.

D.The Oracle Internet Directory (OID) Monitor process has not started.

43. Suppose if you need to save a certificate request in a file system directory by using Oracle Wallet
Manager. What would you do?
A. export the certificate request
B. use the File > Save As option
C. import the certificate request and save it
D. upload the certificate request to the Directory Service

A.export the certificate request

44. Suppose if you require a certificate for your Web server. Which tool would you use to create a
certificate request?
A. OCA User pages
B. Oracle Wallet Manager
C. Application Server Control
D. Oracle Enterprise Security Manager

B.Oracle Wallet Manager

45. Described the format of oracle table?

create table <table_name>

46. How you can Use Delegated Administration Services (DAS), which task can you accomplish?
A. manage OracleAS Single Sign-On server
B. manage Oracle Internet Directory processes
C. register applications that are created using OracleAS Portal
D. manage user and group entries in Oracle Internet Directory (OID)
E. monitor system components in an Oracle Application Server 10g installation?

D. manage user and group entries in Oracle Internet Directory (OID)

47. Define the term Telnet?

Telnet is the main Internet protocol for creating a connection to a remote server.

48. Described SMTP?

SMTP - Short for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol for sending e-mail messages between servers.

49. Described about DNS?

The DNS translates Internet domain and host names to IP addresses. DNS automatically converts the names we type in our Web browser address bar to the IP addresses of Web servers hosting those sites. DNS implements a distributed database to store this name and address information for all public hosts on the Internet.

50. Explain Application layer?

The application layer is located at the top of the TCP/IP protocol layers. This one contains the network applications which make it possible to communicate using the lower layers. The software in this layer therefore communicates using one of the two protocols of the layer below (the transport layer), i.e. TCP or UDP. In computer networking, an application layer firewall is a firewall operating at the application layer of a protocol stack. Generally it is a host using various forms of proxy servers to proxy traffic instead of routing it. As it works on the application layer, it may inspect the contents of the traffic, blocking what the firewall administrator views as inappropriate content, such as certain websites, viruses, and attempts to exploit known logical flaws in client software, and so forth. An application layer firewall does not route traffic on the network layer. All traffic stops at the firewall which may initiate its own connections if the traffic satisfies the rules.