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# 1 Protocooperation is the ecological interaction in which both participants benefit and that is not obligatory for their survival. Protocooperation is a harmonious (positive) interspecific ecological interaction. Examples of protocooperation are: the action of the spur-winged plover that using its beak eats residuals from crocodile teeth; the removal of ectoparasites from the back of bovines by some birds that eat the parasites; the hermit crab that live inside shells over which sea anemones live (these offer protection to the crab and gain mobility to obtain food).

Symbiosis and Other Interactions - Image Diversity: protocooperation
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What are the main interspecific ecological interactions?What is mutualism?
  1. Question Published at Thursday, 01 July 2010 in Category Ecology. Question Visited: 761 Times.
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