What is the use of thread over process?

Submitted by: Administrator
Thread is an executable entity but it is bound to its parent
now there are two types of threads.
1. user space threads and
2. kernel thread
now the kernel threads are actually known as light weight

why light weight????
>>>> as it's context switching times is lesser than all
other process.

now why the context switching time is less????
>>>>> as process have there own process address space and
maintains many more things like userID, ProcessID, groupID,
number of files opened, reisters and blah, blah
whereas thread shares it's parent process's address space
and mainly contains three things like own stack, registers
and thread related data.
so more things to swap need more time that's why thread's
context switching time is less compared to that of a process.

now the answer,
use of thread: thread are used to provide multi-programming
ok, now u ppl would think that, it can also be done creating
new processes (using fork())
yes we can,
but as i told earlier that the context switch time for
threads are very less.
moreover the inter-thread communication is more easier than
inter-process communication as all threads of a single
process uses the same address space.
Submitted by: Administrator

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