The tuple-oriented calculus uses a tuple variables i.e., variable whose only permitted values are tuples of that relation. E.g. QUEL
The domain-oriented calculus has domain variables i.e., variables that range over the underlying domains instead of over relation. E.g. ILL, DEDUCE.
It specifies user views and their mappings to the conceptual schema.
Multivalued dependency denoted by X-->Y specified on relation schema R, where X and Y are both subsets of R, specifies the following constraint on any relation r of R: if two tuples t1 and t2 exist in r such that t1[X] = t2[X] then t3 and t4 should also exist in r with the following properties
► t3[x] = t4[X] = t1[X] = t2[X]
► t3[Y] = t1[Y] and t4[Y] = t2[Y]
► t3[Z] = t2[Z] and t4[Z] = t1[Z]
where [Z = (R-(X U Y)) ]
It is the number of attribute of its relation schema.
It is an association among two or more entities.
Relationship Set - The collection (or set) of similar relationships.
Relationship Type - Relationship type defines a set of associations or a relationship set among a given set of entity types.
Degree of Relationship Type - It is the number of entity type participating.
An operational data store (or "ODS") is a database designed to integrate data from multiple sources to make analysis and reporting easier.
A relation Schema denoted by R(A1, A2, ?, An) is made up of the relation name R and the list of attributes Ai that it contains. A relation is defined as a set of tuples. Let r be the relation which contains set tuples (t1, t2, t3, ..., tn). Each tuple is an ordered list of n-values t=(v1,v2, ..., vn).
► Every dependency in F has a single attribute for its right hand side.
► It cannot replace any dependency X -->A in F with a dependency Y--> A where Y is a proper subset of X and still have a set of dependency that is equivalent to F.
► We cannot remove any dependency from F and still have set of dependency that is equivalent to F.
Functional dependency is denoted by X --> Y between two sets of attributes X and Y that are subsets of R specifies a constraint on the possible tuple that can form a relation state r of R. The constraint is for any two tuples t1 and t2 in r if t1[X] = t2[X] then they have t1[Y] = t2[Y]. This means the value of X component of a tuple uniquely determines the value of component Y.