JFC stands for Java Foundation Classes. The Java Foundation Classes (JFC) are a set of Java class libraries provided as part of Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition (J2SE) to support building graphics user interface (GUI) and graphics functionality for client applications that will run on popular platforms such as Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OSX.
Changing the state of an object is called an event.
Event-delegation model has two advantages over event-inheritance model. a)Event delegation model enables event handling by objects other than the ones that generate the events. This allows a clean separation between a component's design and its use. b)It performs much better in applications where many events are generated. This performance improvement is due to event-delegation model does not have to be repeatedly process unhandled events as is the case of the event-inheritance.
Controls are components that allow a user to interact with your application. AWT supports the following types of controls: Labels, Push Buttons, Check Boxes, Choice Lists, Lists, Scrollbars, Text Components. These controls are subclasses of Component.
A Scrollbar is a Component, but not a Container whereas Scrollpane is a Container and handles its own events and perform its own scrolling.
The elements of a FlowLayout are organized in a top to bottom, left to right fashion. The elements of a BorderLayout are organized at the borders (North, South, East and West) and the center of a container. The elements of a CardLayout are stacked, on top of the other, like a deck of cards. The elements of a GridLayout are of equal size and are laid out using the square of a grid. The elements of a GridBagLayout are organized according to a grid. However, the elements are of different size and may occupy more than one row or column of the grid. In addition, the rows and columns may have different sizes. It is the most flexible layout.
Applets cannot read or write files on the client machine that's executing it. They cannot load libraries or access native libraries. They cannot make network connections except to the host that it came from. They cannot start any program on the client machine. They cannot read certain system properties. Windows that an applet brings up look different than windows that an application brings up.
An event-listener interface defines the methods that must be implemented by an event handler for a particular kind of event. An event adapter provides a default implementation of an event-listener interface.
The paint() method supports painting via a Graphics object. The repaint() method is used to cause paint() to be invoked by the AWT painting thread.