1. How to enhance the data sources, explain with example?

1. find the structure of the datasource and goto se11 using
append structure add the require fileds to the structure
and activate
2. goto rsa6 select ur datasource and click on change icon
and unhide the fileds and generate the datasoure.
3. goto tcode cmod create a project and assign RSRA0001
write the require code in the standard Include.

2. What are the errors in process chain, how can we solve them?

there are many types of error during the process chains,
As process chain is basically meant with the data loading

1. Lock issue
2. Activation failure at ODS
3. Source sysem not connected or RFC connection issue
4. Invalid value not recognized.
5. Last delta not loaded correctly
6. OLTP to OLAP process or IDOC not transferred
7. update rule or transformation inactive

These are some of issues airsing during process chain.

3. What is DTP in bi 7?

DTP is new in BI 7,

In BW infopackage brings the data from Source Sytem to PSA
& InfoCube(Data Targer).

But from BI7 Infopackage brings data upto PSA. first u need
to create transformation either from

PSA(Data Source)--InfoCube or
InfoCube to PSA(Data Source) when u create transformation
then u can see the field mapping between souce fields to
target fields. Also u have conversion rules etc...

Now u can create DTP two ways...

PSA(Data Source)--InfoCube or
InfoCube to PSA(Data Source)

In Dtp u have 3 sub tabs,
1. Extract Full, Delta (only Change or new data)
2. Update
3. Execute--- Execute button.

After Executing u can go to monitor...

4. What is post processing, where we use this?

Postprocessing is the process of tranforming the data after
it is staged in BW (PSA or DSO). It is purely a business

5. Explain about monitering tcodes RSMO
RSPC RSPCM and how to work with the DATA LOAD issues?

RSPC:using RSPC we can create a process chain to shedule
any data load.
RSPCM:After creating the process chain at RSPC level,if u
wants to monitor the data load(data failures)we should add
that process chain to RSPCM wich is used to monitor all the
data lods.
RSMO:used to monitor dala loads wich are sheduled by only
process chains.

6. How to create info package from ods to ods then to infocube for process chain?

Create an info package under the infoorce starts as
8ODSA,choose data target as ODS B under targets tab of info
package and create one more info package under info source
8ODSB ,choose data target as Infocube under data target
tab if its BW 3.5

if its BI 7.0
Create DTP between ODS A and ODS B
and ODS B to CUBE

Create a process chain as shown below

if its BI 7.0
Start --> DTP to ODSB from ODS A -->activate ODS B---
>Delete index -->Deactivate Aggregates --> DTP to Cube From
ODS B -->create indexes -->rollup ---> compression

if its BW 3.x

START --->infopak to ODS B from ODS A -->Activate ODS--
>delete index --->Deactivate Aggregates -->IP CUBE from ODSB
-->Create Indexes -->rollup-->compression

7. Where and why we use info provider, multi provider & infosets?

Infoproviders: which provide the data for reporting.
eg: infoobjects,Infocube, ODS, Multiprovider, Infosets.

Infocube, ODS and infoobject(master data objects) are the

Multiprovider : these are virtual Infoproviders.
Multiproviders does not contain any data physicaly.
It will combine the data from different providers & make
the data available as one to the single user.
we can combine the data from Infocube, oDS, infoobjects and
infosets by using UNION operation.

Infoset: same as above but here we can combine the data
from ODS & Infoobjects only by using JOIN operation.

8. What is dsp. How many types of dsos?

A DataStore object is used to store consolidated and
cleansed data (transaction data or master data) on a
document level (atomic level).

SAP BI distinguishes between three DataStore object types:
Standard, Write Optimized, and Direct Update.

9. How to stop the Collapse process in process chain?

Go to the batch monitor in the Collapse process of the
process chain. go to job log, select the job and stop it.
It will cancell that process.

Note: You have to do it after the execution & before finish
of the job.

10. What is the RRI. What is the sructure of RRI. any conditions for RRI?

The report/report interface (RRI) makes the parameterized
call of programs possible from other programs. It gives the
user the ability to jump from one report into another
report that supplies further information. In SAP BI, you
can arrive at branch destinations within and outside of the
BI system.

With the report/report interface, you can create several
individual reports, each with a limited number of
characteristics. These can be linked one to another to
make very flexible data evaluations possible online.

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