Step involved in project implementation:
★ Identification of the need
★ Idea generation and screening of ideas
★ Feasibility Study
★ Project Development
Meaning of Accrual: Revenues and costs are accrued (gathered), that is recognized as they are earned or incurred (and not as money is received or paid) and recorded in the financial statements of the periods to which they relate. Accrual basis of accounting is one of the fundamental accounting assumptions underlying the preparation and presentation of financial statements.
Dormant accounts are those accounts in which there are transactions in the recent history (the stipulation may vary according to the company's rules). Inactive accounts are those accounts in which transactions are being made for long time.
Debtors account and bills receivable account are theoretically same. Both are called as receivables. When we sold goods to debtors account is debited. If we receive a bill from that debtor, we open bills receivable account by closing that debtor account. Thus, bills receivable account is nothing but debtor account. If the bill is dishonored on the due date, we again debit the debtor account in our books. For information and accounting purpose, we use both debtor account and bills receivable account.
Retail banking refers to the banking done with the retail client (e.g. the normal people) rather than business or organizational customers.
Calendar maintenance means update the sales, purchase and accounts records. Simply meaning is maintaining the records monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, and yearly.
Operative Accounts means Account is running/operating regularly, transaction is running from the account (debit/credit and deposit/withdrawal from account) this is known as Operative Account.
The turnover refers to the sales volume for a specific period like quarterly, semi annually or annually. It can be measured with sales volume figure or no. of days taken.
Balancing means equalizing debit and credit side totals in a T-account.
If there is a deficit on side that is, debit, or credit a suspense account is opened with the balancing figure.
Shadow Balance in bank accounts is the balance unto which the subsequent debits can be posted.
Shadow Balance = Book Balance - Debit (yet to be authorized for posting).
Example: Book balance is 1000. There is a debit of 500. The debit is posted in the system and is sent for authorization. Now the Account shows a Shadow Balance of 500.