1. Do you know what is cholesterol?

A waxy, fat-like substance in your blood. Your body needs some cholesterol, but too much cholesterol can raise your risk for heart disease and kidney disease. A normal total cholesterol is less than 200.3

2. What is Goodpasture syndrome?

An uncommon disease that usually includes bleeding from the lungs, coughing up of blood, and inflammation of the kidneys that can lead to kidney failure. This condition is an autoimmune disease.

3. What is dry weight?

The ideal weight for a person after a hemodialysis (see dialysis) treatment. The weight at which a person's blood pressure is normal and no swelling exists because all excess fluid has been removed.

4. What is polycystic kidney disorder?

A genetic disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within the kidneys, leading to high blood pressure and kidney failure.

5. What is creatinine clearance?

A test that measures how efficiently the kidneys remove creatinine and other wastes from the blood. Low creatinine clearance indicates impaired kidney function.

6. What is polycystic (PAHL-ee-SIS-tik) kidney disease (PKD)?

An inherited disorder characterized by many grape-like clusters of fluid-filled cysts that make both kidneys larger over time. These cysts take over and destroy working kidney tissue. PKD may cause chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease.

7. What is glomerulonephritis?

A type of kidney disease that involves the glomeruli, very small, important structures in the kidneys that supply blood flow to the small units in the kidneys that filter urine.

8. What is hormone?

A natural chemical produced in one part of the body and released into the blood to trigger or regulate particular functions of the body. The kidney releases three hormones: erythropoietin, renin, and an active form of vitamin D that helps regulate calcium for bones.

9. What is nephrotic syndrome?

A syndrome in which the kidney filters insufficiently remove waste and excess fluids from the blood before sending them to the bladder as urine.

10. What is creatinine (kree-AT-ih-nin)?

A type of waste in the blood that comes from using your muscles in everyday activities. Healthy kidneys clean creatinine from the blood. When your kidneys are not working, creatinine can build up in your blood.

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