1. What is cognitive approach?

cognitive approach a theoretical framework of human and animal learning which olds that both humans and animals acquire and store mental representations of knowledge, cognitions, such as what is where, cognitive maps or what leads to what, expectancies, this contrasts with theories of instrumental learning such a s Skinner', which assert that learning consists of the strengthening or weakening of particular tendencies

2. What is availability heuristic?

availability heuristic the decision-making shortcut whereby one's judgment is biased from using the information that most readily comes to mind

3. What is cognitive dissonance theory?

cognitive dissonance theory Leon Festinger's consistency theory, which states that inconsistency between cognitions produces discomfort (dissonance), leading a person to act to restore consistency in order to remove that discomfort. For example, when we realize that we have behaved in a way that is inconsistent with out attitudes, we may change out attitudes to reduce the dissonance caused by having those inconsistent cognitions

4. What is automatic processing?

automatic processing the encoding of information, particularly related to tme, space, and frequency of events in addition to well-learned information that occurs outside of conscious awareness and requires little attention or effort, and is of unknown capacity

5. What is biological universals?

biological universals the biological elements that are common among all the members of a species, for human being, these include body structure, dependency of newborn children, year-round sexuality, and a complex brain structure

6. What is delirium tremens?

delirium tremens syndrome of highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms (i.e., hallucinations, vomiting, uncontrolled trembling, and muscle spasms) that occurs as a consequence of abstinence from intoxicating substances after a period of long-term heavy use

7. What is central nervous system?

central nervous system one of the major divisions of the human nervous system, it consists of the brain, spinal cord, optic nerves, and retina, and is primarily responsible for storing and processing information

8. What is anterograde amnesia?

anterograde amnesia a disruption of memory consolidation process that occurs when a blow to the head interferes with the formation of memory of events immediately following the blow

9. What is color deficiency?

color deficiency the inability of people with normal acuity to see certain colors, owing to a deficit in one or more of the three types of retinal cones, the most common is the inability to distinguish red and green

10. Explain what is association cortex?

association cortex region of the cortex that is not programmed for sensory or motor activities were higher mental processing involved in thought, learning, and memory occurs, this region is involved in the integration of sensory information or motor commands

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